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Raspberry pi powerdown and powerup button

Raspberry Pi Zero

TL;DR: This post describes an easy way to add a power button to a raspberryp pi that:

  • Only needs a button and wires, no other hardware components.
  • Allows graceful shutdown and powerup.
  • Only needs modification of config files and does not need a dedicated daemon to read GPIO pins.

There are two caveats:

  • This shuts down in the same way as shutdown -h now or halt does. It does not completely cut the power (like some hardware add-ons do).
  • To allow powerup, the I²C SCL pin (aka GPIO3) must be used, conflicting with externally added I²C devices.

If you use Raspbian stretch 2017.08.16 or newer, all that is required is to add a line to /boot/config.txt:

dtoverlay=gpio-shutdown,gpio_pin=3

Make sure to reboot after adding this line. If you need to use a different gpio, or different settings, lookup gpio-shutdown in the docs.

Then, if you connect a pushbutton between GPIO3 and GND (pin 5 and 6 on the 40-pin header), you can let your raspberry shutdown and startup using this button.

If you use an original Pi 1 B (non-plus) revision 1.0 (without mounting holes), pin 5 will be GPIO1 instead of GPIO3 and you will need to specify gpio_pin=1 instead. The newer revision 2.0 (with 2 mounting holes in the board) and all other rpi models do have GPIO3 and work as above.

All this was tested on a Rpi Zero W, Rpi B (rev 1.0 and 2.0) and a Rpi B+.

If you have an older Raspbian version, or want to know how this works, read on below.

See more ...

Copyright by Matthijs Kooijman